The Connecticut Branch of Larcoms
The book in the photo above is the History of the families of Larcom, Hollis, and McKinley by Montagu Burrows, R.N., M.A., published in 1883 in Oxford, England. It is as the section of the book is titled, a “General Sketch of the Larcom Family” which recounts the tradition that the family moved from France to England and some henceforth to America.
Most of the early history written in this book came from a memorandum written by Sir Thomas Aiskew Larcom (1801-1879), who was under-secretary to the Lord-Lieutenant in Ireland. It is mentioned here that after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, our family left the French province of Langeudoc and settled in the Isle of Wight. They possessed land in the town of Whippingham; however, according to his memorandum, all of the records in the parish register were destroyed by accidental fire. This means, it is difficult to know who lived there exactly because all records such as births, deaths, marriages, land ownership, etc. were destroyed. There is, however, some family history that was recorded for Sir Thomas Aiskew Larcom’s line.
Thomas Larcom who first ‘left the island’ [born 1708] was the youngest of two sons, the elder of whom remained in the island, dissipated his property and went to America.
Sir Thomas Aiskew Larcom had correspondence with a man from Philadelphia named Mr. G. Albert Lewis in the 1870’s. Mr. Lewis was also descended from a French refugee family, named Larcombe. In one of his letters, he writes:
During the persecutions consequent of the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, or during the terrible trials of Protestants preceding the Revocation, a French or Piedmontese family of La Combe fled from France to England, and settled in the island [? if this means the Isle of Wight, as the word ‘removed’ which follows implies a settlement in some previous place in England]. One of the brothers of this family, after some years, removed to a county between the Channel and the vicinity of Bristol to America, settled in Hartford, Connecticut, and died there at a great age, 102 years.
So here we have a Larcom who left the Isle of Wight for America. According to Sir Thomas Aiskew Larcom, this account of the Larcom family in America fits in with precision to what was gathered with his family Bible.
This is an excellent account of the Larcom American immigrant for the families who have descended from the Connecticut line. However, it is not so clear about the Larcom American immigrant for the Massachusetts line.
The Massachusetts Branch of Larcoms
This is the branch of Larcoms that I have descended from. The story that I was told as a child, and even written in Mary Larcom Dow’s book, Old Days at Beverly Farms, is said that our emigrant ancestor came to America aboard the ship Hercules in the 1630’s.
Voyage of the Hercules in 1633/34
The Hercules sailed from London on March 24, 1633/4, and from Southampton on April 18, 1633/4, for New England. A Warrant was issued on February 22, 1633/4, to hold the departures of the Hercules, among other ships, which were in the Thames with the intended destination of New England. 1
Ship and Passenger Information
John Kiddey, Master. Passengers (12):
Certificate of March 24, 1633/4, London
- John Anthoney of Hampstead, Middlesex, bound for Portsmouth, Rhode Island (John Anthony on certificate for the Mary & John)
- Robert Early
- Thomas Foster of Ipswich, Suffolk, bound for Boston
- William Foster of Ipswich, Suffolk, bound for Ipswich
- Matthew Hewlett
- William Latcome
Certificate of April 16, 1634, Southampton
- Nathaniel Davyes (listed as Nathaniel Davis in “Planters of the Commonwealth”)
- William Elliott (listed as William Elliot in “Planters of the Commonwealth”)
- William Fifeilde, bound for Hampton, New Hampshire (listed as William Fifield in “Planters of the Commonwealth”)
- George Kinge (listed as George King in “Planters of the Commonwealth”)
- Henry Phelps, bound for Salem
- Thomas Rider, bound for Weymouth
As you can see a William Latcome is listed on the passenger list above. However, I have recently been in conversation with a Larcom cousin who brought to my attention that our presumed emigrant ancestor William Latcome may not have been aboard the ship as it sailed for America.
According to the New England Historic Genealogical Society, there is no evidence of a William Latcome in New England. 2
I have always assumed that he came to America, but there were just no records available for his emigration. It makes some sense now that since there isn’t even a death record for him, he must not have come aboard the ship Hercules. This means we have much more research to do. Going back to the facts, we should probably start with Mordecai Larcom, Sr. (1629-1712), my 8th great-grandfather, who happens to be the first person on my family tree.
Mordecai Larcom, Sr.
According to the U.S. and Canada Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500’s-1900’s, Mordecai arrived in the United States between the years 1629-1651. 3 Some of the first records of Mordecai Larcom are recorded in the Essex Institute Historical Collections Vol LVIII Genealogy of the Larcom Family by William F. Abbot (published in 1922). From what research I have done, there seem to be no actual records of how he came to America; however, it is as though he just appears in Ipswich in 1655:
Ipswich Court Records 25 (7 mo.) 1655:
Mordicha Larkcum being complained of by his Mr Rich: Jacob for neglecting his service, by consent of master & servant it was agreed before the court yt ye sd Mordicha Larkcum shall pay unto his Mr 25s.
Conclusion – Comparing DNA
I believe whole-heartedly that the Connecticut line & Massachusetts line of Larcoms are related, somewhere down the line simply because our surname is so unique. So who is our common ancestor?
By suggestion of a dear cousin, I think comparing an American Larcom paternal line DNA to a European Larcom line might be in order. I have recently received results of my father’s DNA and his paternal line halpogroup is E1b1b1c1a. Although, I am now learning that I will need a specific marker (STR markers) that may help give a more recent variation of the DNA which might help decide how close a relative may be. We will have to undergo further testing to get this information – so back to the drawing board!
If you are a Larcom descendant and would like to help me piece this puzzle together, please respond below in the comments section or send me a message. I would love to explore this further, and I plan to update this page if and when I find or receive any further information.
- John Antony was originally on the certificate for the Mary & John of London, but remained behind to oversee ‘the Chattle to pass in the Hercules‘. With these two listed on the first certificate, a note indicated that all were certified, with five others to be left behind as stated. Since that would make seven in the group, it would seem someone didn’t make it or avoided being listed. ↩
- Great Migration, Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume IV, I-L, by Robert Charles Anderson, page 240. ↩
- TURK, MARION G. The Quiet Adventurers of North America. Parts 1 & 2. Bowie, MD. Heritage Books: 1993, pg 324. ↩